Harga Kurma

Harga Kurma: Date Prices in Iran

Dates, or “kurma,” are a staple fruit in many cultures, prized for their sweet flavor, nutritional value, and versatility in culinary uses. Iran, known for its high-quality dates, plays a significant role in the global date market. This blog post delves into the intricacies of date pricing in Iran, exploring the factors that influence harga kurma (date prices), the varieties available, and how much a kilogram of dates typically costs.

The Importance of Dates in Iranian Culture

Dates hold a special place in Iranian culture and cuisine. They are not only consumed as a daily snack but also feature prominently during religious festivals like Ramadan. The historical significance and widespread cultivation of dates in Iran contribute to the country’s reputation as a leading date producer.

Historical Significance

The cultivation of dates in Iran dates back thousands of years. The favorable climate and fertile soil in regions like Kerman, Khuzestan, and Sistan-Baluchestan make Iran an ideal place for growing high-quality dates. These regions have perfected date cultivation techniques over centuries, resulting in a rich variety of dates that are cherished worldwide.

Uses in Cuisine

In Iranian cuisine, dates are used in various ways. They are eaten fresh, dried, or incorporated into dishes such as date-stuffed pastries, date syrup, and even savory stews. Dates are also a popular ingredient in traditional sweets and desserts, reflecting their versatility and importance in Iranian gastronomy.

Varieties of Dates in Iran

Iran boasts a diverse range of date varieties, each with unique characteristics and flavors. The price of dates can vary significantly depending on the type. Here are some of the most popular Iranian date varieties:

Rotab Mazafati

Rotab Mazafati dates, also known as Bam dates, are one of the most famous and sought-after varieties from Iran. They are known for their soft texture, rich sweetness, and dark color. These dates are often enjoyed fresh and are highly prized for their high moisture content and delectable taste.

Rabbi Dates

Rabbi dates are another popular variety, known for their elongated shape, dark brown color, and semi-dry texture. They have a balanced sweetness and are often used in baking and cooking. Rabbi dates are less sticky compared to other varieties, making them a convenient snack option.

Zahedi Dates

Zahedi dates are characterized by their golden-yellow color and firm texture. They are less sweet than other varieties, with a slightly nutty flavor. Zahedi dates are typically used in industrial applications such as date paste production, but they are also enjoyed as a nutritious snack.

Piarom Dates

Piarom dates, also known as Maryami dates, are considered one of the highest quality dates in Iran. They are known for their elongated shape, thin skin, and caramel-like flavor. Piarom dates have a low moisture content, making them ideal for long-term storage and export.

Other Varieties

Other notable Iranian date varieties include Kabkab, Shahani, and Sayer dates. Each variety has distinct characteristics that appeal to different tastes and uses. The wide range of date types contributes to the complexity of the Iranian date market and pricing.

Factors Affecting Harga Kurma in Iran

Several factors influence the price of dates in Iran. Understanding these factors can help consumers and businesses make informed purchasing decisions.

Seasonal Availability

The price of dates fluctuates throughout the year based on seasonal availability. During the harvest season, which typically occurs from August to October, prices tend to be lower due to the abundance of fresh dates. As the supply diminishes post-harvest, prices can increase.

Quality and Grade

The quality and grade of dates play a significant role in determining their price. Premium-grade dates, which are larger, softer, and have fewer defects, command higher prices. Lower-grade dates, which may have blemishes or be smaller in size, are more affordable but still offer good value.

Packaging and Processing

The way dates are packaged and processed also affects their price. Dates sold in attractive, airtight packaging with added value features such as pitted or chopped dates tend to be more expensive. Additionally, dates that undergo organic or sustainable farming practices may have higher prices due to the increased production costs.

Market Demand

Local and global market demand significantly impact date prices. During high-demand periods, such as Ramadan or the export season, prices can rise due to increased competition for high-quality dates. Conversely, during low-demand periods, prices may stabilize or decrease.

Average Cost of Dates in Iran

The cost of dates in Iran can vary widely depending on the variety, quality, and market conditions. On average, the price of a kilogram of dates ranges from 3 to 10 USD. Here’s a closer look at the average prices for different types of dates:

Rotab Mazafati

Rotab Mazafati dates typically cost between 5 to 7 USD per kilogram. Their high moisture content and premium quality justify the higher price, making them a popular choice for both domestic consumption and export.

Rabbi Dates

Rabbi dates are generally priced between 4 to 6 USD per kilogram. Their semi-dry texture and balanced sweetness make them a versatile option for various culinary uses.

Zahedi Dates

Zahedi dates are among the more affordable varieties, with prices ranging from 3 to 5 USD per kilogram. Their firm texture and slightly nutty flavor appeal to those looking for a less sweet date option.

Piarom Dates

Piarom dates are one of the most expensive varieties, costing between 8 to 10 USD per kilogram. Their caramel-like flavor and low moisture content make them highly prized in the international market.


The date market in Iran is diverse and dynamic, offering a wide range of varieties to suit different tastes and uses. Understanding the factors that influence harga kurma, such as seasonal availability, quality, packaging, and market demand, can help consumers make informed purchasing decisions. Whether you are looking for the rich sweetness of Rotab Mazafati, the balanced flavor of Rabbi dates, or the premium quality of Piarom dates, Iran’s date market has something to offer.